Point Type: DALTON-HEMPHILL
Also See: Cave Spring, Dalton, Dalton-Greenbrier, Hardaway, Hemphill, Holland
Location: Midwestern to Eastern United States
10,000-6000 B.P.- Late Paleo - Middle Archaic
General Description: The Dalton Greenbrier spear or dart point is a medium to large sized lanceolate point with expanded auricles or ears and horizontal, tapered weak shoulders and a concave base often with serrations along the blade edges. In later times, this Dalton variant may have developed into the Hemphill type.
The size of Dalton-Hemphill point can range from 33 mm to 88 mm in length. The average size is 48 mm in length, with a 14.5 mm stem length and 20.5 mm width. Thickness averages 6 mm and the average base concavity is 5.5 mm.
About The Point Above (Left): The large point pictured at the top left of this page, was found in a cornfield near Hagerstown, along the Whitewater Creek, Wayne County, Indiana. The point is made from a beautiful black flint. the point does not have pronounced serrations but is wonderfully flaked. The basal ears are expanding and are stunning. The blade edges are straight and are still quite sharp. Overall, the point measures 55 mm in length, is 26 mm wide (across the shoulders) and is only 5 mm thick in mid blade. The concavity of the base is a whopping 9 mm deep! The base is ground as are the ears. The hafting area is 21 mm wide at the narrowest point and the width across the ears is 23.5 mm. Catalog Number 183F-85-L
About The Point Above (Right): The extremely large point pictured at the top right of this page, was found near the St. Francis river near the town of Qulin, Butler County, Missouri. The point is made from a tanish and grayish flint. This point does not have pronounced serrations and the blade probably as close to near original outline as there is virtually little signs of rework evident. The basal ears are extremely widely expanding and the base, although concave is only mildly so. The blade edges are straight and are still quite sharp. Overall, the point measures 81 mm in length, is 33 mm wide (across the auricles) and is only 7 mm thick at mid blade near the shoulders. The concavity of the base is 5 mm. The base is ground as are the ears. The hafting area is 23 mm wide at the narrowest point and the width across the shoulders is 31 mm. The hafting area is ground. Catalog Number 20-45-D
References: Baker, Dragoo (d), Justice, Overstreet, Waldorf
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