Picture of Jakie Stemmed Point - 86mm - 63-40-O

Point Type: JAKIE STEMMED a.k.a. Jakie Shelter
Also See: Kirk Stemmed,
LeCroy, Rice Lobbed, Searcy

Location: Southern Missouri, Northern Arkansas, Northeastern Oklahoma

Associated Dates: 8000 - 6000 B.P. - Early Archaic - Middle Archaic

General Description: The Jakie Stemmed is medium sized point with a straight to expanding stem and has a concave basal edge with rounded basal corners. The blade on the Jakie Stemmed is triangular in shape with excurvate edges that typically has very large, pronounced serrations on the lower part of the blade near the shoulders. The shoulders are strongly barbed on new specimens.

The Jakie Stemmed point is a rather rare, localized, obscure projectile type, virtually ignored by most typology references. The Jakie Stemmed is usually found in southern Missouri, northern Arkansas and northeastern Oklahoma. The type is probably related to the Rice Lobbed and Searcy point types which are found in the same geographic area. It is felt that the Jakie Stemmed was used as a knife blade, at least when new and possibly for its entire useful life. The unique strong serrations found on the Jakie Stemmed are also typical of the Kirk Stemmed points.

Based on a very small sample size, the Jakie Stemmed point ranges from 60 to 90 mm in length. The average size for the point is in the 65 mm range. The width ranges from 28 to 40 mm with the average being 33 mm. The maximum thickness range is between 7 and 9 mm with the average being 8 mm. The blade length is between 40 and 65 mm with the average being 45 mm. The stem length is betwen 12 and 19 mm with the average being 17 mm. Stem width is between 22 and 31 mm with the average being 25 mm. The point was named by Richard Marshall in 1958 for specimens he found at the Jakie Rock Shelter in southwestern Missouri.

About the Point Above: The large and highly reworked Jakie Stemmed pictured at the top of this page was found in northern Arkansas. It is made glossy light tan Arkansas novaculite. The point is from the former John Corrigan collection. Overall the point measures 86 mm in length, 38 mm wide at the barbs and 8 mm at its thickest point, which is just above the stem at mid blade. The stem is ground and thinned to 5 mm in thickness from the base. The stem measures 29 mm wide at the basal end (even though a basal coren is missing) and is 16.5 mm long. The typical blade thickness is 8 mm. The blade length is 71 mm on each edge. The blade is patinated and the basal edge and sides are highly ground.

This specific point was authenticated by Gregory Perino on 5/17/96 and Mr. Perino writes: "A large dart/knife form that has had several resharpenings that have reduced the blade tip to a drill form on the upper end. A basal ear is missing." Catalog Number 63-40-O

References: Justice, Perino (1), Waldorf

Copyright 1997 - 2008 LITHICS-Net    WWW.LITHICSNET.COM

Use Your Browser's BACK Button to Return to the LITHICS-Net Index.