Point Type: MOTLEY
Also See: Buck Creek Barbed, Crater Flared Base, Cupp, Epps, Hamilton, Normanskill, Smithsonia, Snyders, Tipton, Wade, Weber
Location: Southeastern United States
4500 - 2500 B.P. - Late Archaic - Woodland
Morphology: Corner Notched
General Description: The Motley type is a medium to large sized, expanding stemmed, widely corner notched projectile point which may have strong downward projecting shoulder barbs. The corner notching is typically wide and rounded which leaves a narrow stem neck width and wide shoulders. The blade edges and the base are typically slightly convex or straight. The overall blade form is trianguloid and is always widest at the shoulders. Basal grinding may be present although it occurs in low frequency. This point has been found with Wade points in caches. This point is called the Epps (Ford and Webb 1956:116) type in Louisiana and eastern Texas (however the Epps type are rarely barbed). Motley points may be a prototype for wide corner notched Snyders points.
Motley points are found over a large area from the Deep South to the Midwest. It has been found in sites in Mississippi, northern Louisiana, Alabama, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Kentucky. They can also occur in the Ohio River Valley, Indiana, eastern Missouri, northeastern Texas and most of mid to southern Illinois.
The size of the
Motley point can range from 42 mm to 120 mm in length with the typical point
being in the 68 mm range. The average width of the blade is 34 mm with the range
being from 25 mm to 46 mm. The average thickness is 6 mm with the range being
from 5 mm to 8 mm.
The Motley point type was named by William G. Haag in 1955 for specimens he found at the Motley Place in northeastern Louisiana.
About The Point Above (Left): The average sized Motley point pictured at the top center of this page, was found in northwestern Tennessee. It is made from a satin gray hornstone material which has some cream colored core rind near the base. Overall, the point measures 61 mm in length, is 25 mm wide at the barbs and is 7 mm thick at mid blade near the shoulders. The base measures 16 mm in width and the stem is 15 mm long. There is a slight amount of basal grinding on this point. Catalog Number 23-65-D
About The Point Above
(Center): The average sized Motley point
pictured at the top left hand side of this page, was found near the town of
Dalton in Randolph County, Arkansas. It is made from a mottled tan and brown
flint material. Overall, the point measures 64 mm in length, is 28 mm wide at
the barbs and is 7.3 mm thick at mid blade near the shoulders. The base which
has flairing ears, measures 24.8 mm in width and the stem is 18 mm
long. There is a slight amount of basal grinding and notch grinding on this
point. The point was once in the Will Burkett and Rocky Hall
collections. Catalog Number
About The Point Above (Right):
References: Baker, Converse, Davis, Dragoo (f), Fogleman, Justice (1), Overstreet, Perino (1), Waldorf
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